Vehicle Fatalities Decreased Nationwide
Why have motor vehicle crash fatalities decreased nationwide?
In the past decade we have seen a marked decrease in motor vehicle crash fatalities. Between two thousand and five and two thousand and eight, fatalities fell more than six thousand. According to the accident lawyers at Resmini Law Offices, in 2013 32,719 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes, and 2.3 million were injured.
Considering the hundreds of thousands of additional cars on the road, this decline in fatalities is both surprising and noteworthy. This change can be attributed to a variety of factors. These include changes to roadway design, strict drunk driving enforcement and public campaigns, and vehicular changes such as anti-lock braking systems and electronic stability control.
Roadway design is one factor of fatalities that is rarely considered. Rural roads and urban highways present starkly different challenges and risks. Driving in the city grants drivers the use of shoulders and access roads, which reduce accident rates and overall driving risk. In rural areas, dirt roads and visual impairments can have a negative effect on safety. In the last decade urban planners have made great strides in innovative roadway design that make driving safer for everyone.
Safety improvements made to cars themselves have also had a profound impact on nationwide motor vehicle crash fatalities. One such improvement is the anti-lock braking system. The ABS ensures a car’s wheels maintain traction with the road while braking. This prevents the wheels from locking up and avoids skidding. Another improvement is the electronic stability control system. This system also affects a car’s tendency to skid, but in a distinct way. ESP is a computerized system that targets a vehicle’s stability. By automatically applying the brakes when loss of control is detected, the ESP helps steer the vehicle the direction the driver intends. Both these innovations have played a major role in the reduction of motor vehicle crash fatalities.